Such treaties between colonizers and indigenous peoples are an important part of the political discourse in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, the treaties discussed have an international reputation, as a study of the United Nations treaty found.   A treaty is negotiated by a group of countries, either through an organization created for that specific purpose or through an existing body such as the United Nations (UN) Disarmament Council. The negotiation process can take several years, depending on the topics covered and the number of participating countries. At the end of the negotiations, the contract will be signed by representatives of the governments concerned. The conditions may require ratification and signature of the treaty before it becomes legally binding.