Shimla Agreement In English

Recalling its agreement of 23 September 1998 that an environment of peace and security is in the interest of both parties at the highest national level and that the resolution of all outstanding issues, including Jammu and Kashmir, is essential to this end. The agreement was reached by mutual agreement and signed after the 1971 Indo-pak War, after which East Pakistan was liberated, which led to the formation of Bangladesh. The agreement emphasizes respect for each other`s sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity. It also mentions non-interference in the internal affairs of the other and the flaw in hostile propaganda. Shimla Agreement: July 2, 1972 Finil Agreement: what is it? The shimla Agreement was signed by then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, on July 2 signed on July 19, 1972, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated eastern Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. The shimla agreement was a comprehensive plan to enable good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. In this context, both India and Pakistan have decided to abandon past conflicts and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation among themselves. Shimla Agreement: Key Principles The Shimla Agreement includes a number of principles on which both India and Pakistan have agreed and which emphasize respect for each other`s sovereignty, territorial integrity, sovereign equality, non-interference in each other`s internal affairs, respect for each other`s political independence and unity, as well as the dissemination of hostile propaganda. The principles of the Shimla Agreement are as follows:- Mutual commitment to the peaceful resolution of all problems through direct bilateral approaches.- Building the basis for a cooperative relationship based on people-to-people contacts.- Maintaining the inviolability of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir.Shimla Agreement: Key Features 1. India and Pakistan have decided to challenge the conflict and confrontation that had affected their relations in the past, to end and commit to a friendly and harmonious relationship in order to achieve lasting peace in the subcontinent. 2. India and Pakistan both agree that relations between the two parties are governed by the principles of the Charter of the United Nations.

The two countries have decided to settle their differences by peaceful, bilateral or other mutually agreed means. 4. Both India and Pakistan have agreed to respect the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir without prejudice to the recognized position of both sides. They also agreed that neither would attempt to change them unilaterally, regardless of mutual differences and legal interpretations. 5. In addition, the two nations agreed not to use threat or force in violation of this line. Ratification of the Shimla AgreementThe Shimla Agreement has been ratified by India and Pakistan in their respective constitutional procedures. The Delhi Agreement on the Repatriation of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned States, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, Minister of Foreign Affairs of India, and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan. T92 [10] [11] As part of this agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from threats and violence in violation of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir.

This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force from the date of exchange of instruments of ratification. [4] The agreement was the result of the determination of both countries to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations.” . . .