While the SPS Agreement allows governments to maintain adequate sanitary and phytosanitary protection, it reduces the possible arbitrariness of decisions and promotes consistent decision-making. It requires that sanitary and phytosanitary measures be applied for purposes other than to ensure food safety and animal and plant health. In particular, the agreement shall specify which factors are to be taken into account when assessing the associated risk. Measures to ensure food safety and to protect animal and plant health should be based, as far as possible, on the analysis and evaluation of objective and accurate scientific data. 3. This Convention shall not affect the rights of Members under other international agreements, including the right to use the good offices or dispute settlement mechanisms of other international organizations established under an international agreement. The Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, also known as the SPS Agreement or spS only, is an international treaty of the World Trade Organization (WTO). It was negotiated during the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and entered into force with the establishment of the WTO in early 1995.  Overall, sanitary and phytosanitary measures covered by the Agreement are measures to protect human, animal or plant life or health from certain risks.  The objective of this agreement is to ensure that regulations, standards, tests and certification procedures do not create unnecessary barriers to trade. Specific sanitary and phytosanitary requirements are most often applied on a bilateral basis between trading countries. Developing countries benefit from the SPS Agreement because it provides an international framework for sanitary and phytosanitary arrangements between countries, regardless of their political and economic strength or technological capacity.
By the ofsy, developing countries could be at a disadvantage if they challenge unjustified trade restrictions. In addition, under the SPS agreement, governments must accept imported products that meet their safety requirements, whether these products are the result of simpler and less sophisticated methods or advanced technologies. Enhanced technical assistance to support developing countries in the area of food safety and animal and plant health, whether bilaterally or through international organizations, is also part of the SPS Agreement. Free Trade Agreement – Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade In the context of the Tokyo Round of multilateral trade negotiations (1974-79), an agreement on technical barriers to trade was negotiated (the 1979 TBT Agreement or “Code of Standards”) (see note 2). .